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Anton Bruckner - 布魯克納
 
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Bruckner
Anton Bruckner - 布魯克納 - 1824-1896
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奧地利作曲家。父為鄉村學校校長,布魯克納年幼時就喪父,他被修道院領養,加入唱詩班,在那裡他學會了演奏管風琴。他天資聰慧,1855年起任林茨大教堂管風琴師;在他的作曲生涯中,他的管弦樂譜曲可與其管風琴的洪亮聲相媲美。1865年他在慕尼黑聽到《崔斯坦與伊索德》,此後華格納便成了他的崇拜對象,不過他自己的作品受貝多芬的影響很大。1868年任維也納音樂學院教授,從此定居維也納。六十歲時才因《第七號交響曲》成名。在社會行為上他比較笨拙和古怪,至死篤信基督教。著名作品包括九部成熟的交響曲(1866-1896)、三首彌撒曲(1864、1866、1868),以及《感恩頌歌》(1884)。
Austrian composer. Son of a rural schoolmaster who died in Anton's youth, he was taken into a monastery as a choirboy and there learned to play the organ. Greatly gifted, he became organist at Linz Cathedral in 1855; throughout his composing career, his orchestrations would be compared to organ sonorities. In 1865 he heard Tristan und Isolde in Munich and thereafter idolized Richard Wagner, though his own works remained indebted to Ludwig van Beethoven. In 1868 he was appointed professor at the Vienna Conservatory and settled in Vienna for the rest of his life. He was 60 before he achieved fame with his Symphony No. 7. He was socially awkward and eccentric, and he remained a deeply devout Christian to his death. His reputation rests on his nine mature symphonies (1866-96), his three masses (1864, 1866, 1868), and his Te Deum (1884).
 
 
 
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