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Zubin Mehta - 梅塔
 
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Zubin Mehta - 梅塔 - 1936-
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祖賓·梅塔1936年出生於印度孟買的一個音樂世家,父親梅萬·梅塔是一位出色的小提琴手、小提琴教師和指揮家、孟買交響樂團和弦樂四重奏團的創始人。祖賓·梅塔7歲時就受到了正規的小提琴和鋼琴教育,所以他很小的時候已經對歐洲音樂非常熟悉。作為父親的學生,他16歲的時候就指揮了孟買交響樂團。可是他遵循父母的意願,去學習醫學。 但上了兩個學期的課之後,他就轉投到音樂的懷抱中了。18歲的時候他去了維也納音樂學院學習鋼琴,作曲。在漢斯·斯瓦洛夫斯基底下完成了指揮的學業。
1958年他利物浦國際指揮大賽上勝出,並在當地擔任一樂團的副指揮一職。20多歲的梅塔就已經指揮過維也納愛樂樂團和柏林愛樂樂團。而且時至今日,他們還保持著緊密的合作關係。在美國坦格伍德指揮大賽上他獲得了第二名(第一名是阿巴多)。這時候他認識了波士頓交響樂團的指揮查爾斯·孟許,後者對梅塔影響深遠。1960年他第一次和紐約愛樂,費城樂團和蒙特婁交響樂團合作,1962到1966年他還任蒙特婁交響樂團的首席指揮。
祖賓·梅塔在1962年到1978年任洛杉磯愛樂樂團音樂總監。1969年他還成為了以色列愛樂樂團的音樂顧問,1977年升為首席指揮,1981年任終身音樂總監。1978年他成為美國五大交響樂之一——紐約愛樂樂團的音樂總監,歷時13年,直到繼任者庫特·馬蘇爾的到來。
歌劇方面,他在蒙特婁、大都會歌劇院、維也納國立歌劇院、巴伐利亞國家歌劇院、倫敦皇家歌劇院、柯文特花園指揮過歌劇演出。
1998年起,梅塔成為巴伐利亞國家歌劇院音樂總監。
Zubin Mehta was born into a Parsi family in Bombay (now Mumbai), India, the son of Mehli and Tehmina Mehta. His father Mehli Mehta was a violinist and founding conductor of the Bombay Symphony Orchestra.
Zubin is an alumnus of St. Mary's (ISC) High School, Mazagoan, Mumbai and St. Xavier's College, Mumbai. Zubin initially intended to study medicine, but eventually became a music student in Vienna at the age of 18, under the eminent instructor Hans Swarowsky. Also at the same academy along with Zubin were conductor Claudio Abbado and conductor/pianist Daniel Barenboim.
In 1958, Mehta made his conducting debut in Vienna. The same year he won the International Conducting Competition in Liverpool and was appointed assistant conductor of the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra.
Mehta soon rose to the rank of chief conductor when he was made Music Director of the Montreal Symphony Orchestra in 1960, a post he held until 1967. In 1961, he was named assistant conductor of the Los Angeles Philharmonic; however, the orchestra's music director designate, Georg Solti, was not consulted on the appointment, and Solti subsequently resigned in protest; soon after, Mehta himself was named Music Director of the orchestra, and held the post from 1962 to 1978.
In 1978 Mehta became the Music Director and Principal Conductor of the New York Philharmonic and remained there until his resignation in 1991, becoming the longest holder of the post.
The Israel Philharmonic Orchestra appointed Mehta its Music Advisor in 1969, Music Director in 1977, and made him its Music Director for Life in 1981.
Since 1985, Mehta has been chief conductor of the Teatro del Maggio Musicale Fiorentino in Florence. Additionally, from 1998 until 2006, Mehta was Music Director of the Bavarian State Opera in Munich. The Munich Philharmonic Orchestra named him its Honorary Conductor. Since 2005, Mehta has been the main conductor (together with Lorin Maazel) of the new opera house of the Ciutat de les Arts i les Ci?ncies in Valencia.
Zubin Mehta received praise early in his career for dynamic interpretations of the large scale symphonic music of Anton Bruckner, Richard Strauss, Gustav Mahler and Franz Schmidt. He has also made a recording of Indian instrumentalist, Ravi Shankar's Sitar Concerto No. 2, with Shankar and the London Philharmonic Orchestra. His conducting is also renowned as being flamboyant and forceful in performance.
Mehta has conducted the Vienna New Year's Concert in the years 1990, 1995, 1998 and 2007.
As a double bassist, one of his most memorable performances was in a collaboration with Itzhak Perlman, Pinchas Zuckerman, Jacqueline du Pr? and Daniel Barenboim in a performance of Schubert's Trout Quintet in the summer of 1969.
In 1990, he conducted the Orchestra del Maggio Musicale Fiorentino and the Orchestra del Teatro dell'Opera di Roma in the first ever Three Tenors concert in Rome, joining the tenors again in 1994 at the Dodger Stadium, Los Angeles. In June 1994, Mehta performed the Mozart Requiem, along with the members of the Sarajevo Symphony Orchestra and Chorus at the ruins of Sarajevo's National Library, in a fund raising concert for the victims of armed conflict and remembrance of the thousands of people killed in the Yugoslav wars. On August 29, 1999, he conducted Mahler Symphony No. 2 (Resurrection), at the vicinity of Buchenwald concentration camp in the German city of Weimar, with both the Bavarian State Orchestra and the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, sitting alongside each other. He toured his native country India and home city Mumbai (Bombay) in 1984, with the New York Philharmonic Orchestra, and again in November-December 1994, with the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, along with soloists Itzhak Perlman and Gil Shaham. In 1997 and 1998, Mehta worked in collaboration with Chinese film director Zhang Yimou on a production of the opera Turandot by Giacomo Puccini which they took to Florence, Italy and then to Beijing, China where it was staged, in its actual surroundings, in the Forbidden City with over 300 extras and 300 soldiers. for eight historic performances. The making of this production was chronicled in a documentary called The Turandot Project which Mehta narrated.
On 26 December 2005, the first anniversary of the Indian Ocean Tsunami, Zubin Mehta along with the Bavarian State Orchestra performed for the first time in Chennai (formerly called Madras) at the world famous "Madras Music Academy". This special Tsunami memorial concert was organised by the Madras German consulate along with the Max-Mueller Bhavan/Goethe institute. The team performed to a packed hall of select invitees. Nearly 3000 people turned up including eminent personalities such as Amartya Sen (Nobel Laureate in economics) and the Tamil Nadu governor, Surjit Singh Barnala. He also performed in Delhi on December 28 at the Indira Gandhi Stadium. 2006 will be his last year with the Bavarian State Orchestra. He conducted in Andrea Bocelli's Verdi Album in 2000, as well as in two of his seven complete recorded operas la Boheme and Tosca in 2000 and 2003.
Conductor Zubin Mehta laughs with singers Dolly Parton and Smokey Robinson during a reception for the Kennedy Center honorees in the East Room of the White House on Sunday, December 3, 2006.In 1999 Zubin Mehta was presented the "Lifetime Achievement Peace and Tolerance Award" of the United Nations.
In 2001, the Government of India honoured him with the Padma Vibhushan, India's second highest civilian award.
In September, 2006 the Kennedy Center announced Maestro Mehta as one of the receipients of that year's Kennedy Center Honors. These were presented on December 2, 2006.
On February 3, 2007, Zubin Mehta was the recipient of the Second Annual Bridgebuilder Award at Loyola Marymount University
Conductor Karl B?hm awarded Mehta the Nikisch Ring — the Vienna Philharmonic Ring of Honor.
Mehta is an honorary citizen of both Florence and Tel Aviv and was made an honorary member of the Vienna State Opera in 1997. In 2001 he was bestowed the title of “Honorary Conductor” of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra and in 2004 the Munich Philharmonic Orchestra awarded him the same title, as did the Los Angeles Philharmonic and the Teatro del Maggio Musicale Fiorentino in 2006. At the end of his tenure with the Bavarian State Opera he was named Honorary Conductor of the Bavarian State Orchestra and Honorary Member of the Bavarian State Opera, and the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde Wien appointed him honorary member in November 2007.
 
 
 
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